Process Economics

The cost of a process is primarily made up of two components: i) the price of the materials that you use and the cost of disposal of the materials that are not incorporated in the final product; and ii) the time taken to manufacture the product, i.e. the labour costs associated with the people involved in the manufacturing process, and the cost of the facility that the process is being performed in.  Therefore, throughput has a large impact on the cost of a process.  Individual unit operations are much more time consuming on a larger scale.