The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) is EU legislation based on the application and assessment of BAT (Best Available Techniques) to reduce harmful industrial emissions to achieve a high level of protection for human health and the environment as a whole. The IED looks holistically across the whole process and is the key instrument for minimising emissions and consumptions from most industrial activities. Installations must be operated according to an integrated permit issued by competent authorities, containing emission limit values based on Best Available Techniques (BAT).
IED more specifically:
In 2022, proposals were launched to update the IED. It still maintains the same principles and still aims to reduce emissions by applying specific “Best Available Techniques” (BAT). But the new proposal now aims to transform Europe to a zero-pollution, climate neutral economy by 2050.